- Increases the economic efficiency of growth rate (EEG)
- Free of any kind of animal protein sources
- Economic diets
- With two concentration ,2.5% and 5%
- The first holder of Iranian national standard certification for the production of all kinds of poultry feed concentrates
- The first holder of rank A certificate for the production of poultry feeds issued by Iran Veterinary Organization
- The first holder of a license code for exporting products (IR) issued by Iran Veterinary Organization
The characteristics of the unique concentrate diets:
The phytase enzyme is one of the components used in the combination of the unique concentrate. By hydrolyzing phosphorus from the phytate compound, this enzyme causes release and an increase in the availability of phosphorus of plant sources in the digestive tract of chickens, and reduces the anti-nutritional effects of phytate in them, which in turn improves the digestibility of nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron, and manganese as well as protein and amino acids.
Figure 1: The structure of phytic acid
One of the other exclusive characteristics of the unique concentrate is formulating the composition of the concentrate to regulate the diets based on ideal amino acids which plays an effective role in the economic efficiency of growth rate (EEG) and optimal use of nutrients in the diets in which the ideal balance of amino acids has not been observed. Some of the essential and nonessential amino acids are consumed more than bird's requirements, and are used as an energy source, which leads to nutritional stresses, a weakened immune system, and finally a decreased growth rate. The amount of essential required amino acids, relative to lysine, represents the balance of amino acids in an ideal protein. Increasing the level of lysine in the diet causes the breakdown of arginine and an intensive decline in the growth rate, due to its interactive effect with arginine. And the loss of balance among the levels of other amino acids in the diet such as methionine, methionine + cysteine, threonine, tryptophan, valine, and isoleucine, shows its effects by a reduction in the growth rate and/or through metabolic disorders.
A proper balance of amino acids required for growth in diets containing the unique concentrate, in addition to enhancing the performance, leads to an improved body weight gain process, an immune response, and a decreased feed conversion ratio.
The performance of the unique concentrate
The results of various studies have shown that there is a positive correlation between the composition of amino acids and the growth performance in broiler chickens. Given the short duration of a broiler rearing period, and the need to achieve an economic efficiency of growth rate, a balanced combination of necessary nutrients for the growth of chickens should be provided. In the unique concentrate, by using two types of diets (a group of diets with wheat and oil, and the other with oil and without wheat) in four age periods as well as reducing the level of soy consumed in the concentrate, we tried to minimize the qualitative and quantitative changes in the protein source and thus minimizing the nutritional stress caused by it, so that, despite a decline in the duration of the period, the growth rate curve of the chickens increases with a moderate slope during the period, and the flock reach a desirable and economical production weight slowly and with an appropriate conversion ratio.
Growth rate: is the average body weight gain during a specific time frame within the rearing period.
Economic Growth Rate: is the maximum increase in the body weight gain during a short period possible.
Economic Efficiency of Growth (EEG1) during a rearing period, is calculated as follows:
The importance of dietary cation-anion balance and its impact on growth performance:
Electrolytes (cations: sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium) and (anions: mainly chlorine, bicarbonate, and sulfate and phosphate ions) play an important role in regulating the electrochemical balance of poultry's body. The main role of electrolytes is maintaining the balance of body water and ions. Sodium, potassium, and chlorine are the main factors in creating osmotic pressure, buffer system, and the mechanisms that regulate the body PH.
The electrolyte balance, which is also considered as acid-base balance, influenced by three main factors, namely balance and ratio of these electrolytes in the diet, production of androgenic acid (an acid inside the body), and renal clearance rate.
Given the important effects of electrolytes on the performance of broiler chickens (in terms of weekly weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio), dietary cation-anion balance should particularly be taken into consideration. Lack of dietary cation-anion balance (DCAB2) causes metabolic disorders such as ascites and leg problems; especially tibial dyschondroplasia in young broiler chickens. Electrolytes can also affect the metabolism of basic amino acids, especially lysine and arginine.
Disruption of dietary electrolyte balance (DEB) increases the risk of ascites by affecting acid-base balance of body fluids. Increasing the level of sodium in the diet, on the one hand, causes the contraction of lungs and increases the arterial blood pressure by reducing the PH, and on the other hand, leads to the increased blood volume and pressure and finally the incidence of ascites by eliminating the water-electrolyte balance.
The balance of dietary sodium, potassium, and chlorine content also prevents the excessive water consumption by poultry maintains good health and improves performance in the intestines. In the mean time, regulation of sodium level is of particular importance because increasing the sodium content, affecting directly on the increase of water consumption, causes litter wetness and incidence of paralysis and leg problems.
The desirable amount of dietary electrolytes is expressed through the following simple formula; DCAB2=Na+K-CL, and as mEq/Kg of the diet. Under normal conditions, DEB=230-250 mEq is suitable for the physiological activities of the body.