Involves vitamin and mineral premixes for high producing, medium producing and low producing milk yield groups In the lactating cows
10% Premixe for fresh cows
7.5% Premixe for fresh cows
Premixed 10 percent of dry cows and heifers
Concentrate premix 7/5% for far off dry cows & heifers
20% Concentrate premix for close-up dry cows (containing anionic salts)
Recently, vitamins and minerals requirements of dairy cows have enhanced through change techniques on estimating requirement. On the other hand, high genetic potential of the present day's dairy cows have prompted researchers to update their previous reports.Vitamins and minerals requirements of dairy cows influenced by different factors, such as: age, stage of pregnancy, lactation period, etc. Currently, sub-clinical problems, such as: sub-clinical metabolic disorders, silent estrus, retained placenta, etc. are considered as a big challenge in dairy herds. It has been determined that trace minerals and vitamins are essential for an optimum response to the immune system are more primarily than the amount needed for growth and reproduction. Therefore, when the animal is exposed to micronutrient deficiencies, the immune system is the first part of the body which will be diminished. However, without being able to detect such deficiencies in the herd, sub-clinical deficiency will occur at the beginning, which causes big economic losses in dairy cattle. A strong immune system is a barrier to external factors, and is necessary for the proper functioning of other organs of the body. Due to their inflammatory responses and metabolic stresses, dairy cows which are in the transition period (from 21 days before until 21 days after delivery), are more sensitive to such deficiencies. Mineral and vitamin deficiencies could be due to incidence of metabolic disorders and infectious diseases (such as mastitis), reducing milk production and decreasing body condition score. Furthermore, due to the country's climatic conditions and low forage quality, using mineral and vitamin supplements would be inevitable for an optimal performance and production.
A proper diet should contain standard and uniform amounts of any ingredient. The higher or lower nutrients concentration than requirements animals in diets can result in deficiency or poisoning in animals, which in cases, production, reproduction performance and health will diminish.
The premixes producing process it possible supplied to quite uniformly and surely distribute micro-ingredients of diet in the diets. Using vitamins, minerals, antibiotics, buffers and flavorings as form of concentrate premixes in diets will be minimized the problems of animal breeders. High quality and standard premix production requires careful attention to formulation, choosing diluents and/ or carriers, controlling of dust, type of mixer, adding order of raw materials, mixing duration, emptying completely of mixers and packaging and storing of the product according to the latest standards.