Stage 1 & 2 Safety
- Based on Metabolizable Protein
- High-quality raw materials
- Growth-stimulating compounds3. Feed intake-stimulating compounds
- The best balance of amino acids with a diversity of desirable protein sources
- Produced using the unique technology of Hygenizer-Super Conditioner
- The presence of fermentable fiber carbohydrates to stimulate rumen tissues development
- Use of vitamins and minerals with high bioavailability and least damage during cooking and preparation for pellets production
- Improving feed conversion rate and feed efficiency
- Increasing the growth and development of the forestomach
- Reducing calves feed sorting
- Improving immune system performance
- Reducing calf rearing costs and increasing productivity
Introduction The productivity and health of dairy cattle start from the birth of the animal. Calves rearing is considered as an integral part of dairy cattle and a substantial factor in profitability. Because the future productivity of dairy cattle depends on the desirable calves rearing and growth .There will be an increased tendency for calves to consume solid feed several days after birth. The solid feed can significantly affect performance of young calves that only consume milk or milk replacer. This situation is critical when a calf is weaned at an earlier age. At birth, the rumen, reticulum, and omasum have not been developed yet, and the calf acts like a monogastric animal. In fact, the calf starter is considered to be an essential factor for the development of the rumen, and should be adjusted in a way that contains adequate amounts of protein, minerals, and vitamins, and its ingredients should also include palatable substances, so that in addition to stimulating the consumption of solid feed, will cause faster development of forestomach. Several studies have showed that,in addition to its chemical composition, the type of the starter feed texture can also affect the development of forestomach. A starter feed should contain fermentable carbohydrates. Also, it is necessary to add some amounts of digestible fibers in order to support fermentation for the appropriate growth and rumen tissues development. Microbial population will be formed in the rumen by solid feed consumption, which is in turn accompanied by fermentation process in the rumen and production of volatile fatty acids. Fermentation and VFAs production are key factors in the rumen tissue development. However, feeding balanced solid feed can ensure growth and health though meeting the nutrients requirements of calves. If calves are not growing well and/or their weight gain reduces, their first lactation period will be delayed
Sepahan Daneh Parsian Commercial-Production Group with a great knowledge about the issue, being backed by the largest complex of livestock feed production factories, and benefiting from advanced technologies in the production of livestock feed, specialized research and development teams, and well-equipped and advanced laboratories, has taken steps to produce Stage 1 and Stage 2 Safety starter rations to make it possible to reach the maximum growth and the fastest time of weaning while economizing the calf-raising process.
The Benefits of Technology
Hygenizer-Super Conditioner Technology
In the Process of Producing Calf Starter Feeds
- Preservation of nutrients, such as: vitamins and amino acids at all stages of preparing and cooking the feed
- The maximized gelatinization of starch and soluble protein by adding controlled steam, thus increasing the digestibility and absorption of all nutrients
- Elimination of microbial agents which contaminate the feed
- An impressive increase in the pellet durability index (PDI)
- Maximum feed homogeneity
- Possibility of using heat-sensitive additives during the production of feed
Fig. 1. The starch gelatinization mechanism during the feed starter production process
Fig. 2. The evolutionary trend of fore-stomach in calves
Figure 1- Comparison of rumen tissue development in calves fed with only milk (A), milk + Starter (B), and milk+ hay (C)
The protein level of whole milk is about 27% of dry matter. This means that at the time of dietary change from whole milk into solid feed, the protein content will see a sharp decline. Therefore, calves should be allowed to consume adequate amounts of starter before weaning, to be able to meet their nutritional requirements after weaning. Thus, the protein in a pre-starter diets, should be of high-quality material, and contain appropriate levels of protein and micronutrients.
Calves Nutritional Strategies to the Weaning period
Weaning calf is a critical period in the life cycle of a dairy cow. In this period, the most important nutritional strategy is to use good-quality and highly digestible feedstuffs. In addition, in order to accelerate the development of rumen and to start microbial fermentation, good-quality starter should be provided for the calf. In order to maximize the growth of calves, the following points should be taken into account
- Low intakes of solid feed will result in rumen weak development, which will finally show its impact through animal growth.
- Due to their bulkiness, high intakes of roughage and dry hay will result in decreased growth with a small developing rumen.
- The stresses of weaning could be minimized by feeding high quality starter containing adequate nutrients.