Two-step Concentrate

2steps concentrate pocket
  • Enhances the nutritional management
  • Reduces the crude protein in the diet
  • Reduces nitrogen excretion 
  • Supplies essential amino acids such as lysine, methionine, and threonine 
  • Provides an appropriate dietary cation-anion balance according to the age of the flock, and prevents the incidence of important complications such as litter wetness
  • Free of any kind of animal protein sources
  • Includes two concentrations, 2.5% and 5%
  • The first holder of Iranian national standard certification for the production of all kinds of poultry feed concentrates
  • The first holder of rank A certificate for the production of poultry feeds issued by Iran Veterinary Organization
  • The first holder of a license code for exporting products (IR) issued by Iran Veterinary Organization



Two-step concentrate, a modern concentrate

Given that among the most important indicators of increased productivity in the broiler industry, are improved feed conversion ratios and economic diets, using step feeding by means of two-step concentrates, can lead to the improved performance of poultry. One of the most important benefits of step feeding is reducing the crude protein in the diet which in turn reduces nitrogen excretion, and the other is supplying essential amino acids such as lysine, methionine, and threonine. Also during the use of this concentrate, the incidence of important complications such as litter wetness can be prevented by providing an appropriate dietary cation-anion balance, according to the age of the flock.


The characteristics of the two-step concentrate diets

Using of the phytase enzyme in the combination of two-step concentrates, causes the breakdown of phytate molecule (Figure 1) and release of energy and amino acids in the diet. Moreover, the phytase enzyme increases the release of calcium, phosphorus, and minerals. In addition, the diets are formulated based on the amount of sodium and chlorine in the consumptive water (salinity), and then they are recommended, so that the anion-cation balance along with potassium in the diet, can be maintained properly depending on the amount of feed intake, and the age of chickens. Also, by adding the amino acid threonine (the third essential amino acid in poultry feed) to two-step concentrates, the balance of amino acids in the recommended diets are maintained properly, and this improves the efficiency of use of nutrients in the diet.


The structure of phytic acid

Figure 1: The structure of phytic acid

The performance of two-step concentrates in broiler flocks

Given that the nutrient needs of Ross and Cobb strains are different during the rearing period, and the quality and quantity of protein sources in the diet, are also very variable (and often dwindling), it seems necessary that, in desirable rearing conditions, in order to produce broiler chickens weighing from 2500 to 2800 grams in less than 47 days, a concentrate is be produced that covers the disadvantages of protein sources in the diet. The nutritional management has been applied to the two-step concentrate specific to Cubb strain and the two-step concentrate specific to Ross strain using four types of diets in four age periods Further, the growth trend and the slope of the growth curve have been considered in such a way that the producer, by reducing the duration of the rearing period, achieves the target weight with an appropriate feed conversion ratio as well as an improved production index. Also, the two-step concentrates can be used to produce feed in poultry feed factories. A group of diets contain wheat or oil, and another group is free of wheat or oil, which are used depending on the type of climate and raw materials for rearing.


Broiler flock management - Wet litter

Managing the environmental parameters, especially the litter management is one of the most important factors affecting the achievement of desirable rearing conditions and appropriate performance of the poultry. Lack of a proper litter management leads to the outbreak of some infectious diseases , as well as leg problems , which in turn lead to a lower carcass quality and economic losses for the poultry farmers. Complying with some applied principles and recommendations, appropriate management strategies can be implemented to enhance the litter quality. Ventilation and temperature conditions in a poultry house are among the most important factors which have to be constantly controlled by farmers. If the humidity of the house is not carefully monitored, the litter in the house will become wet and will create a slippery and sticky surface. Excessive moisture , in addition to the outbreak of bacterial diseases creates an unhealthy environment and also injuries on the soles of the feet which subsequently causes a severe decrease in the carcass quality. Thus, the average litter moisture has to be always kept in the range of 10 to 30 percent, depending on the age of the chickens. Controlling the water distribution system is also of great importance in terms of water leakage from pipes or drinking-troughs as well as the height of drinking-troughs. In the areas where water has leaked for a reason, the wet litter must be removed and replaced with fresh and dry litter. Among other factors causing litter wetness, the presence of excessive sodium in the water or feed, excessive protein in the diet, large amounts of unabsorbed carbohydrates in the feed, a sudden change in the formula of the feed being consumed, addition of low-quality fat, and the presence of mycotoxins in the diet can be mentioned. The two-step Golden Mix concentrate with two proprietary formulas specific for Cobb and Ross strains is formulated based on the ileal digestibility of amino acids and its sodium level is regulated according to the climate type. By Using the two-step concentrate and benefiting from the experienced experts of Sepahan Daneh Company for regulating the formula of the feed being consumed, you can achieve an appropriate conversion ratio and improved production indexes at the end of the rearing period.