Economy Concentrate Premixes, Economic Feeding

High, Medium and Low Milk Yield

  • Economy concentrate premix 5% for the super-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 10% for the high-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 7/5% for the high-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 5% for the high-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 10% for the medium-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 7/5% for the medium-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 5% for the medium-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 10% for the low-producing cows
  • Economy concentrate premix 5% for the super-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 5% for the super-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 10% for the high-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 10% for the high-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 7/5% for the high-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 7/5% for the high-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 5% for the high-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 5% for the high-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 10% for the medium-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 10% for the medium-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 7/5% for the medium-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 7/5% for the medium-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 5% for the medium-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 5% for the medium-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration
  • Economy concentrate premix 10% for the low-producing cows

    Economy concentrate premix 10% for the low-producing cows

      • Meet micronutrients requirements of lactating dairy cows 
      • Reduce potential errors in weighing and mixing for producing the ration
      • produce homogenous ration from each micro-elements
      • No need to equipment such as precise digital scale and micromixer
      • Reduce the loss of raw materials during the storage
      • Increase the operation speed of producing ration
      • Increase the daily production capacity of ration
      • Possibility of reducing protein level of rations to lower feed cost
      • Possibility of removing at least 10 ingredients from ration

Description

Nowadays, using concentrate in dairy cows rations has become important due to the increased genetic potential and development of feeding systems. However, low quality of forage has also increased the importance of this issue. The production of concentrates as traditional method has some defects which can affect the production, health, and finally productivity of livestock. Different purity of materials, formulation errors, weighing, mixing, and also labor mistakes will always result in possible large fluctuations in the nutrient composition of concentrates. This errors also increase deviation from meeting micronutrients.

Feed efficiency in dairy cows

Feed Efficiency (FE; sometimes called dairy efficiency or dry matter intake efficiency) is the kilogram of milk produced per consumed kilogram of dry matter. This measure is considered to be important for determining profit margins. A special way to prevent decreasing profit margins is to increase the milk produced per kilogram of dry matter fed. In the other words, feed efficiency should be increased. An added benefit to increase cow’s feed efficiency, is that fewer nutrients will be excreted in manure, so digestibility and nutrients utilization will be increased. Numerous factors can influence feed efficiency such as forage quality, stage of lactation, cow comfort, feed additives and type of protein in the ration.

Income over feed costs in dairy herds

اNowadays, due to contradictions on feed efficiency of high producing dairy cows (increased feed intake, increased rate of passage, reduced maintenance requirements, increased milk production, etc.), using feed efficiency as the only economic criterion can be used for monitoring dairy cattle performance but can never be the only economic criterion used to make decisions. Income over feed costs (IOFC) is considered as the most important and efficient economic indicator in rearing dairy cattle, which is calculated by means of the following formula:

income over feed costs

Monitoring IOFC along with feed efficiency (FE) is an appropriate strategy to ensure that income is not being sacrificed for feed efficiency.

Protein efficiency in dairy cows

Protein is a relatively high input cost in dairy rations. Nitrogen use efficiency has been estimated to be 25%, on average, in dairy cows. This efficiency shows that, in normal feeding conditions, only 25% of the nitrogen can be captured for milk production and through which the cattle farmer earns some income which is a small amount. By improving the protein nutrition of dairy cows, costs can be greatly reduced, thus increasing the measure of income over feed costs (IOFC).

the normal range of nitrogen distribution in dairy cattle

 

The measure of milk nitrogen efficiency (MNE) is an appropriate measure in the utilization of dietary protein. By increasing milk nitrogen efficiency, the measure of income over feed costs (IOFC) can also be increased, thus achieving an optimal efficiency.

milk nitrogen efficiency

 The necessity of using bypass proteins in the Ration of Dairy Cattle

Protein is considered as the most expensive nutrient in the dairy ration. The goals of ruminant protein nutrition are to provide adequate amounts of rumen-degradable protein (RDP) for optimal ruminal efficiency and to obtain the desired animal productivity with a minimum amount of dietary CP. Optimizing the efficiency of use of dietary CP requires selection types and amounts of digestible rumen undegradable protein (RUP) that will optimize, in so far as possible, the profile and amounts of absorbed AA (NRC, 2001). Although the recommendation of scientific references (NRC, 2001) is to maximize the production of microbial proteins, but it should be noted that maximizing microbial proteins will not satisfy level of milk production either. Therefore, it is necessary to provide part of the amino acid requirements of the animal through rumen undegradable protein (RUP, while maintaining the fermentation conditions by providing rumen degradable protein (RDP. Recently, replacement of the protein evaluation system in ruminants with the metabolizable protein system and using it in dairy ration formulation has reduced the protein inefficiency and costs arising from it in livestock feed sector, as well as reducing nitrogen excretion. This system emphasizes the effective use of amino acids by livestock, and employing this system can greatly increase the protein efficiency of feed, thus increasing IOFC. Utilizing bypass protein materials with an appropriate and available amino acid profile can affect the cost of the rations. Knowing this fact and taking into consideration the livestock requirements, Sepahan Daneh Parsian Company has taken actions to design premixes containing bypass proteins, using which the cost of the rations can be reduced in addition to improving the production efficiency.

Economy Concentrate Premixes Economic Feeding